PHY 405 - Philosophy of Science


The course introduces the students to the methodologies of Natural Science, elements of History of Science and major issues in the Philosophy of Science.


Course Content:

        Methodologies of Science, inductive, deductive verificationist and falsificationist

        Empiricist and Positivist philosophies of science

        Development of Conventionalism and falsificationism

        Realism vs. Instrumentalism; Causality; the nature of scientific explanation

        Relativism, Methodology of Research Programmes, Objectivism

        History of Science: The Copernican Revolution and after

Recommended Readings: -

1.      Hempel, C.G.1966. Philosophy of Natural Science. Prentice Hall.

2.      Popper, Karl.1963. Conjectures and Refutations. Routledge & Kegan Paul.

3.      Salmon, Wesley1966. The Foundations of Scientific Inference. University of Pittsburg Press.

4.      Kuhn, T.S.1970. The Structure of Scientific Revolution. (2nd Edition), Chicago University Press.

5.      Feyerabad, P.K.1970. Against Method. Verso.

6.      Kuhn, T.S.1957. The Copernican Revolution. Harvard University Press.

7.      Gunaratne, R.D.2002. Vidyathmaka Kramaya. (Revised edition).