The Senerath Paranavitana Teaching and Research Museum attached to the Department of Archaeology was established in 1960 by Prof. P.L. Prematilleke under the guidance of Prof. Senerath Paranavitana with a view to undertaking teaching and research.
Among the exhibits of this museum are plaster casts of important Hindu and Buddhist sculptures including one of the figure of Tara exhibited in the British Museum. In addition to this, the museum contains prehistoric objects, ritual objects, weapons and tools, writing materials, household implements, personal effects, cosmetic objects, ornaments and objects of betel culture, pharmaceutical items, coins, seals, textiles, and pottery. The collections of U. Batuwantudawa, W.H. Biddel, and D.P. Hettiarachchi contain most of the above material.
The museum was officially named after Senerat Paranavitana in 1990. Apart from teaching, the museum also holds exhibitions for school children and the public periodically. A catalogue of the museum's holdings is due to be published soon.